22 posts found

New roles of microglia in brain pathophysiology

Microglia cells represent, depending on the species, from 5% to 20% of the glial cells in the adult brain. It is commonly accepted that microglia precursors originate in the yolk sac – as the tissue specific macrophages – although their identity has not been confirmed so far. Once the development of the blood-brain barrier is […]

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Anti-inflammatory drugs can reverse synaptic defects

Inflammation modifies risk and/or severity of a variety of brain diseases through still elusive molecular mechanisms. Tomasoni et al. (open access article available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5370184/) show that hyperactivation of the interleukin 1 pathway, through either removal of the interleukin 1 receptor 8 (IL-1R8,) or activation of IL-1R, leads to up-regulation of the mTOR pathway and […]

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The diseases of the synaptic vesicles open the way to a new group of neurometabolic diseases

The Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEM) have normally been considered as the result of errors at the genetic level affecting the biochemical pathways of small molecules such as the neurotransmitters glycine, glutamate, GABA, biogenic amines, etc. The altered concentration of such molecules in the Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) have always been used as a diagnostic biomarker […]

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Synaptic metabolism course

A course about synaptic metabolism of the Recordati Rare Disease Foundation will be held in Barcelona, Spain, on November 16 – 18, 2017. Participants are expected to have prior knowledge about the field: practical experience with diagnosis treatment, and/or basic research is recommended. Participants are also expected to present a case report relevant to the theme […]

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The gut-brain axis communication and its relationship with the neurological disorders

“We are what we eat”. These well-known words, widely used by nutritionists, date back to Ludwig Feuerbach, a German philosopher of XIX century that focused on the needs of the human body to be properly fed, in contrast with the dominant way of thinking of his age that gave priority to feed the souls. May […]

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