The human brain is an extraordinarily complex structure, whose details has not been fully understood. To date, the scientists could be compared to those pioneers that, centuries ago, drew the first geographic maps during dangerous journeys by sea or overland. Indeed, the tridimensional structure of the brain is so complex and difficult to explore that […]
Posts with tag 'synapsis'
Rett syndrome: loss of balance between excitation and inhibition
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare neurodevelopmental disease. Mutations in MECP2 (located on the X chromosome) are the most common cause. However, mutations in other genes such as CDKL5 and FOXG1 have been reported to produce a Rett-like phenotype. How these different genetic defects determine similar clinical features has yet to be elucidated. Italian researchers […]
Building the brain map
Mapping the brain: The Human Connectome Project There is an explosion of new techniques to study and understand the mysteries of the brain. The Human Connectome Project is one of these rapid technological advances that will help to elucidate the many pathways and connections that make possible normal brain function and nervous system disorders […]